The scientific name of this plant PARTHENOCISSUS comes from Greek, where "partenos" means virgin, "kisses" - ivy. This name was given to the liana because of its similarity with ivy in the form of growth.
The plant belongs to the family Grape. It includes 10 species that are common in the Himalayas, East Asia, North America.
What does girl's grape look like?
Girl's grape is a large vine, ligneous, usually deciduous, occasionally evergreen. The bark of a creeper is dense. On the shoots, branched antennae, which very tenaciously cover the support, are wrapped around it. In some species, the antennae are thickened, expanded into oval "suckers", which grow to the supports, especially if the surface of those is flat and rough.
The leaves of the creeper are complex, palmate, sometimes three-lobed, petioles are long. Inflorescences hang down, develop in the axils of the leaves or opposite. They are corymbose, without antennae. The flowers have a greenish corolla. Fruits and berries are dark blue, inedible.
The most famous types of girl's grapes
Girl grapes attached
Attached maiden grapes (Parthenocissus inserta (Kern.) K. Fritsch) comes from North America. This is a three meter tall vine. The bark of young shoots is green, for mature shoots it is yellowish-gray. The stems rise along the support with the help of antennae or suction cups. The leaves are very beautiful, palmate-complex. They consist of 3-5 leaves of an elliptical or ovoid shape with a pointed apex. The top is dark green, shiny, the bottom of the leaves is lighter.
Virginia grapes, otherwise a five-leafed girl's grape (Parthenocissus quinquefolia Planch) comes from the east of North America. It grows in moist forests, in thickets of shrubs on rich, moist soils. Virgin grapes - a large winding vine, growing up to 20 m. The bark of young shoots is reddish, then becomes dark green. Antennae have 5-8 branches, at the ends of which there are oval thickenings. Fingered leaves look beautiful. They consist of oblong leaflets on petioles, a leaf length of 10 cm, the tip is pointed. The top of the leaves is dark green, the bottom is lighter, bluish.
Ornamental foliage is very effective in decorative gardening.
Flowers grow on thin pedicels and gather 3-6 in umbrellas, which form apical inflorescences. The berries are bluish-black, with a slight bluish bloom. It blooms and bears fruit since 4 years, annually. The grapes are growing rapidly, transferring winters to St. Petersburg without shelter. It develops well in urban environments, insects and fungi are not damaged. Liana is a long-liver.
Propagated by seeds, cuttings.
Seeds retain germination when stored at room temperature for 1 year. Before sowing, it is recommended to soak for 3 days.
Because of its ability to cling to steep surfaces, it is popular among decorators.
This species has several decorative forms:
- Engelman - the form is distinguished by small foliage.
- Wall - this form densely and evenly covers walls and arbors, thickened suction cups on the numerous branches of the antennae allow it to attach to a smooth, sheer surface. Liana is very beautiful in the fall, when the leaves are effectively painted in purple and purple. Not a frost-resistant form.
- Hairy - the underside of the leaves and young shoots are softly fluffy. It is less frost-resistant than the main species.
Maiden grapes triostrenny
This type of creeper has a second name - ivy grape (Parthenocissus tricuspidata Planch). It originated in Japan, China, Korea, and in the southwest of Primorye.
Liana of this species has a very branched antennae, on which many suction cups. Leaves of different shapes coexist on the same plant: triangular, three-lobed, round, leafless, heart-shaped.
In spring, the foliage is bright purple, in the fall - bronze, golden, red. The flowers are small, nondescript, gather in oblong narrow brushes. The berries are bluish-black, with a slight bluish bloom. The view is very unstable to frost.
The ivy grapes are extremely good for decorating walls. The leaves of the grapes are smooth, as if varnished, are located one above the other, like tiles, and a dense green ornamental coating is formed. Autumn foliage of beautiful bright orange or scarlet tones. The antennae densely branch out and are so firmly attached to the surface that it is very difficult to tear them from it.
Common forms of this type:
- Vicha - a vine with smaller leaves, consisting of 3 leaves or simple;
- Purple - has spectacular dark purple leaves throughout the summer season;
- Golden - the colors of the leaves are marble: green with golden spots.
How to plant girl's grapes
For planting girl's grapes, she advises choosing a place that is well-lit. The plant tolerates partial shade, but still photophilous.
Plant grapes 1 m apart between plants. 2-3-year-old seedlings are planted in spring or autumn. Grape transplant tolerates well.
- Prepare a landing pit of 50x50x60 cm.
- Prepare a support up to 20 m high.
- Make a drainage of rubble, broken brick, sand. A drainage layer of approximately 20 cm.
- Fill the pit with a soil mixture of peat, leaf soil, sand (2: 2: 1).
Feed twice a season: in spring, then during active growth. Watering should be moderate, in dry summers watering is increased. It is necessary to add earth if the roots are exposed.