Bryonia (BRYONIA) is also known as the Intersection. It belongs to the pumpkin family.
This is a herbaceous perennial plant with very thick roots in the shape of a radish. The stems of the bryonia are curly, with antennae, perennial, can grow up to 4 m. The leaves are lobed or separate.
Yellowish-white or yellowish-green flowers form axillary inflorescences. The fruit is in the form of a small spherical berry with a diameter of less than 1 cm, the color of the berries is black, red or greenish, the shell is thin. Inside 1-2 orange or black seeds.
Bryonia grows in the Mediterranean, western Eurasia, South Asia, North Africa, and the Canary Islands. You can meet her on the slopes of ravines, forest edges, among shrubs, hedges and walls.
Bryonia has been known since antiquity, found in the writings of Hippocrates, Ibn Sina. The latter recommended it for dizziness, epilepsy, coughing, snake bites, and liver diseases.
Bryonia white - the most famous species
The birthplace of white bryonia (bryonia alba) is Central Asia, the European part of Russia, the Mediterranean, and Western Europe.
White bryonia has a large, fleshy, tuber-like wintering root. Flexible stems climb the supports with the help of antennae, the length of which is up to 6 cm. The leaves of the plant are medium-sized, dark green, five-lobed, somewhat pubescent with hard sparse hairs.
Yellowish flowers are small, nondescript, appear in July-August. The berries are black, juicy, with a smooth thin skin.
All parts of the plant are poisonous.
Growing and caring for bryonia
Bryonia is propagated by sowing seeds before winter. The soil must be fertilized. Seeds are sown immediately in open ground, without seedlings. The plant also propagates by self-sowing. You can also seed it with the method of division of tuber-like roots, which is performed in the fall.
Sown seeds sprout in the spring. It is better to sow them immediately in a permanent place. Near the seedlings they organize a support and send shoots to it.
notes that special attention and care bryony does not require. It grows remarkably in the sun and in partial shade. Adapts to different soils, although it prefers well moistened and drained. As the soil dries, you need to water moderately. If moisture is not enough, the plant develops worse.
Brionia is fed with organic fertilizers. They are introduced in the spring when planting or mulching. Once a month, make mineral fertilizers.
So that in winter the plant does not freeze, planting should be covered.
When growing brigonium, observe safety measures because of its toxicity. Children should not be in contact with the plant. Wash your hands thoroughly after handling the plant.
Brigonia - ornamental and medicinal plant
In spring and summer, bryonia is used for vertical gardening of fences, arches, arbors, balconies.
You can cover it with nondescript garden areas. If the stems are not tied, they creep on the ground and form a lush pillow. But at the end of summer, the shoots dry out, turn yellow, and the plant loses all its decorativeness.
White bryonia is a medicinal raw material used in folk medicine, but due to toxicity it is not used in scientific practice.
The land is taken for medicine during flowering. Liana cut off in sunny weather, cut into pieces, then dried in the shade. The roots of the plant are harvested in autumn, washed thoroughly in cold water, cut into pieces 10-25 cm, then dried in an oven or special dryer at +500C. Store the harvested plant in a closed container for up to 3 years.
Broth, tincture of the roots of brionia are externally used for radiculitis, gout, sciatica, they remove warts, age spots. Also used for inflammation of the joints, migraines, paralysis, inflammation of the nerve plexuses. Steamed fresh roots are used for sciatica, gout, weeping diathesis, trophic ulcers. Dry root powder is a wound healing agent.
Broth from brionia is recommended for bronchitis, inflammation of the pleura, lungs, and headaches. Fresh juice is useful for swelling resulting from inflammation of the liver. Infusions are indicated for peptic ulcer of the stomach, duodenum. They also help reduce pressure, improve well-being with tuberculosis, epilepsy. It is a hemostatic, analgesic, was used as a powerful laxative.
Cooking decoctions and infusions
Tanners used the fruits of bryonia to remove animal hair from their skins. Upon learning of this, pharmacists prepared an ointment from berries to remove hair.
Bryonia helps with polyarthritis, but only when pain is disturbed not in a state of sleep, but in motion.
Do not get involved in taking tinctures from brionium inside, as this can cause vomiting, colic, seizures and subsequently paralysis. No wonder the people sometimes call the plant paralysis grass. Be sure to consult a homeopath before use, carefully observe the dosage.