Tips

Purple orchid: varieties and growing rules


Orchids perfectly take root in room conditions. Pictures and photographs of such indoor plants can be found in most publications devoted to indoor floriculture. Most often, at home, orchids belonging to the species "Phalaenopsis white" are grown. They are characterized by a fairly high unpretentiousness and can easily be grown even by novice growers.

White color is always relevant, however, in recent years, the popularity of other indoor colorings has been growing. Quite often you can find in the photographs and pictures "Phalaenopsis white" and "Phalaenopsis purple." Such an unusual purple orchid is increasingly appearing on window sills near the florists of our country.

General information

"Phalaenopsis violet" is known to many under the name "Phalaenopsis violation." The name of the houseplant comes from Latin "Phalaenopsis violacea". Photos of this epiphytic herbaceous plant of the orchid family mesmeriz with its beauty. "Phalaenopsis purple" has an unusual color, but does not have an established Russian name. In Russian-speaking sources, the most common indoor plant of this species is called purple orchid, and flower growers also use the scientific name.

A feature of the species status is inaccurate knowledge of the origin of this plant. Many people think that purple phalaenopsis is a natural variation. "Phalaenopsis bellina". Other authors describe the similarity in the photo with "Phalaenopsis violacea". A miniature version of monopodial deciduous epiphyte can be well seen in the photograph. The plant has a solid peduncle that can bend in a zigzag fashion and carry a small number of flowers.

The flowers of the plant are characterized by a waxy appearance and have a pleasant, pronounced aroma, which can be compared with the smell of water lilies, as well as freesia or bergamot. The size of the flowers across does not exceed 6 cm. The petal part of the flowers is clearly distinguishable in the photograph of "Phalaenopsis violet" and has an elliptical or oval-elliptical shape. A flowering plant is often found throughout the year, and the mass flowering stage begins in spring and continues until autumn. A variety of color options are presented in the photographs of this plant.

"Phalaenopsis violet" has fleshy, elliptical or oblong-elliptical, sharp or blunt leaves. Adult plants have powerful leaves, the length of which can exceed 25 cm, and the width reaches 12 cm.

How to care for Phalaenopsis orchids

Varieties and Description

In our country, the cultivation of several species of orchids with a purple color is practiced. Like the white orchid, this species of indoor plants has its admirers. Of course, white flowers are more popular with flower growers, but purple orchid is also quite common not only in photographs, but also in flower pots.

Purple orchid "Wanda"

A tall houseplant can reach a height of more than 1 m and has very powerful, hanging roots of a greenish-gray color. Such a root system absorbs moisture from the air masses, which is a characteristic feature of any vandal orchids. The sinuses of the strap-like leaves have about four peduncles, on which no more than 15 flower buds are formed. The purple flowers themselves are quite large and fragrant.

Purple orchid "Phalaenopsis"

The name of a houseplant means "moth-like." Under natural conditions, growth occurs on tree trunks. When grown indoors, the plant requires a special microclimate, which should be created artificially. "Phalaenopsis" has green aerial roots involved in the process of photosynthesis. Such a root system needs good aeration. Leaves are collected in the outlet on the lower stem part. Flowering "Phalaenopsis" is long and can be six months.

Purple orchid "Dendrobium"

Very compact houseplant. Some species of this plant have the ability to drop leaves once a year. It’s quite difficult to take care of the Dendrobium. This type of orchid is extremely poorly tolerated by drafts, as well as direct sunlight. Purple orchids of the Dendrobium species require additional top dressing using nitrogen and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. In addition, it is necessary to maintain a special temperature, humidity, as well as the duration of daylight hours.

Growing Features

Blooming purple orchids in a room pot are a worthy decoration of the interior. However, it should be remembered that such a houseplant requires competent care and special growing conditions. The biggest feature of plant maintenance is represented by the lack of the need to use soil.

To give the plant stability, special pots or glass containers should be filled with a substrate based on wood bark. It is necessary to take into account the fact that these plants are very fond of lighting, but react poorly to the bright sun. In addition, it is extremely important to maintain high levels of humidity, as well as to comply with special temperature indicators day and night.

Care Features

This type of orchid, like purple, grows beautifully and blooms in partial shade. For the plant, not very hot, but quite warm indoor temperature is important. Be sure to equip a sufficient ventilation of the room with atmospheric humidity at the level of 40%.

At lower parameters of air humidity, the plant may exhibit lethargy of leaves and falling of flowers. Abundant and frequent spraying provokes rotting of the plant. Excessive watering, as well as high humidity in the air can stimulate rotting. FIolet orchids need to be fed no more than once a month. Immediately after flowering, already drying flower stalks must be cut off.

Watering is carried out after complete drying of the planting substrate or if moisture is not observed on the inner walls of the flowerpot. ABOUTYou can limit the need for watering by staining the root system, which becomes lighter.

We also offer you to learn about the features of growing white orchids.

Tips & Tricks

A transplant of a purple orchid should be done every three years. By this time, as a result of irrigation and fertilizer application, the planting substrate loses its useful qualities, and the bark turns into dust that is useless for the plant.

How to transplant orchids

The best time for transplants is considered to be the period of early spring immediately before activating the growth of a houseplant and growing new roots. It is not recommended to transplant a room orchid that has already released a flower arrow. Violation of this rule causes a slowdown in the development of the peduncle and the dropping of unopened flower buds.