There are many varieties of apples. Some of them are not very popular and are known only to a limited circle of gardeners, others are cultivated almost everywhere. Among the widespread varieties that are grown by most gardeners in our country, you can name the apple tree "Pepin saffron."
The apple variety "Pepin saffron" was bred by breeders as a result of the complex crossing of the winter-hardy variety "Renet" with the hybrids "Kitayka zolotaya" and "Pepinka Litovskaya".
A feature of the variety is its huge popularity and relevance for cultivation in the CIS. Apple trees of the Pepin saffron variety grow in almost all regions of our country. Very often it is this variety that is used as the basis for the breeding of new varieties. To date, with the participation of "Saffron Pepin," about twenty different varieties of apple trees have been bred.
The variety is very loved by gardeners. It is distinguished by tasty and fragrant, beautiful apples of saturated red color.
A feature of the adult apple tree of the variety "Pepin saffron" is a rounded crown with drooping, drooping branches. Tree heights are average. The crown has sufficient density and is almost completely covered with small, grayish-colored foliage.
Apple trees of this variety are susceptible to fungal infections. It is for this reason that gardeners cultivating Saffron Pepin have to regularly trim the crown. Untimely execution of the formation can provoke a significant decline in fruit formation and contribute to the decline of fruit before the harvesting period.
Apple trees of the Pepin saffron variety belong to self-fertile winter varieties that do not need to be available near pollinators. However, cross-pollination can increase planting yields. The best pollinators in this case will be such apple varieties as Slavyanka, Calvil Snowy, Antonovka and Welsey. The first bearing occurs relatively late. As a rule, the first crop is formed in the sixth year after planting seedlings.
The advantages of the Pepin saffron apple tree are early fruiting, annual high yields, increased self-fertility, the ability to transport fruits and excellent external and taste indicators of apples. The disadvantages of the variety include the need for constant pruning and susceptibility to scab. In addition, the plant has low frost resistance and needs increased attention in the cold season.
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Chemical composition and use
Pepin saffron apples are small and medium in size. The standard weight of one fruit can vary from 80 to 140 grams. Fruits are covered with a smooth and dense skin. They have a round-conical shape with a slight ribbing. The main staining of the fruit is yellow with a greenish tint, the integumentary color is a dark red blush. Through the blush, small subcutaneous dots and dark lines are visible. The stems of apples are long and thin.
Saffron Pepin apples have a sweet and sour dessert flavor and spicy aroma. The pulp is characterized by density and a pleasant cream color. The fruits of this variety are rich in useful substances and are characterized by a low acid content. Standard indicators of the chemical composition of the pulp are as follows:
- the content of titratable acids is slightly less than 0.6%;
- the ascorbic acid content is about 14 grams per 100 grams of fruit;
- the content of P-active catechins is about 167 grams per 100 grams of fruit;
- dry components content not more than 14%;
- the total sugar level is just over 11%.
Saffron Pepin Apples are consumed fresh and used for processing. The variety is ideal for making juice, mashed potatoes, jam, jam, jam, marmalade, candied fruit, as well as for urination. Description and photos of apples of this variety can often be seen on the pages of culinary publications.
We also offer you to learn about the main methods of forming the crown of an apple tree.
Planting and Care Rules
Varietal features of "Saffron Pepin" require close attention to the plant and careful care during the entire cultivation period. The apple tree needs to be trimmed annually, which helps prevent a decrease in the size of the forming fruits, as well as their falling from the branches. The winter hardiness parameters of the variety are relatively low, which suggests the implementation of measures to protect the apple tree from the cold. However, the plant is able to recover quite quickly after damage in cold weather.
Planting seedlings is carried out in accordance with the rules of standard agricultural technology, which is designed to cultivate this type of fruit trees.
How to deal with apple scab
In conditions of dwarf rootstocks, fruit formation is observed in the second year. Harvest should be in late September. Apples reach consumer maturity one and a half or two months after the harvest.