Planting flowers in a summer cottage is not an easy task and requires a lot of time and attention, but there are unpretentious flowers that can decorate your garden. An example is the lyatris - a fiery, colorful, spiky flower that is ideal for planting on the site.
Liatris belongs to the genus Compositae and is a rhizome, perennial plant with tubular flowers that are collected in spike-shaped inflorescences, and erect stems. More often you can find plants with pink, purple, purple or red flowers that open from the top of the ear. White color is considered a rarity. Basically, lyatris is distributed in the Bahamas, Mexico and North America, but today it can also be found in summer cottages of our country.
Liatris is quite normal in direct sunlight, we can say that the plant simply “lives” in the sun, therefore, choosing a place for planting a lyatris, it is preferable to give the site an open, well-lit area. The plant also simply tolerates intense heat, but does not at all perceive cold, damp and shaded. Under such conditions, the lyatris can die quickly.
Soil for lyatris
The plant prefers fresh, friable, nutrient-rich and well-drained soil. Raw, heavy substrates are not suitable for the Liatris, so you should avoid troughs and lowering of the relief with clay soils and a high level of groundwater. Abundant moistening of the soil on which the lyatris grows can lead to decay of the root system, which will necessarily lead to the death of the plant. But dry soils, like dry weather, the lyatris tolerates normally.
Starting in spring, the plant should be fed with nitrogen fertilizer, and phosphorus-potash during the summer. It is important to fertilize at the end of the summer. The plant becomes stronger and calmly survives the winter. During the growing season, all care for the lyatris is weeding and cutting of dried inflorescences. It is not worth it to waterlog the plant, even rain irrigation is sufficient for it. Also, do not loosen the soil, since the root system of the lyatris is quite close to the surface of the soil. It is advisable to use mulching.
Liatris needs preparation for the winter. In the autumn period, the aerial part of the plant should be cut off and the soil surface mulched with peat, dry leaves, compost or other suitable materials. If the climate is temperate, the lyatris can winter without shelters, but if the winter turned out to be snowless and frosty, then the plant can freeze, so that the shelter of the lyatris depends only on the climate and the desire of the summer resident to save the plant. You should also take care of protecting the lyatris from rodents, who gladly feast on its rhizome.
Propagation of the lyatris is possible by seeds and vegetatively. If you do not cut off inflorescences that have bloomed and dried up, then self-sowing often takes place and in the spring plant seedlings can appear anywhere in your garden. If the reproduction of lyatris by seeds is targeted, you should sow them in early spring or late autumn immediately into the ground. As a rule, young shoots grow as unpretentiously as adult plants. However, if the lyatris was propagated by seeds, then it will only be expected to bloom in the third year. For this reason, many summer residents prefer vegetative to seed reproduction.
Vegetative propagation of the bush will make it possible not only to plant the lyatris, but also to strengthen the lyatris and provide it with abundant flowering. Delenki plants can bloom perfectly in the first year of planting. Liatris quite simply undergoes the division procedure at any time of the year, suitable for planting, since the roots divide very easily.
Liatris in our garden
Landing of the lyatris occurs in special landing holes, in which a little rotten compost should be added. It is necessary to maintain a certain distance between the bushes of the lyatris, about 30-40 cm, since in the future the lyatris will grow and the bushes can intertwine.
Use of lyatris
Liatris is great for growing on flower beds along with plants that have a delicate bush structure or “round" inflorescences. The lyatris is no less successful in combining with field plants, but do not forget that it is ideal for single plantings. Liatris is perfect for longitudinal plantings along the line of the sun, for example, near fences, flower beds, small summer cottages or architectural elements of the landscape.
The use of lyatris in other areas
It is noteworthy that lyatris is not just a bright plant that will simply bring freshness and beauty to your garden, but also material for the manufacture of incense and medicines.
The leaves of the plant contain coumarin, which is used to create many fragrances in the world of perfumery. Also, the plant is widely applicable as a cure for malaria, some sexually transmitted diseases, as an excellent diuretic. Liatris is also used in cosmetology, since lotions from its broth have a high tonic effect.
Diseases and Pests
Although the lyatris is an independent, strong and unpretentious plant, its leaves, flowers, and also the root system are often susceptible to negative influences due to diseases and vital functions of various pests. So, the lyatris can be affected by insects living in the soil - a bear, a nutcracker, striped and other pests.
Quite often, the root system of the flower is also attacked by snails, which can be eliminated with the help of special insecticides scattered next to the plant. Resistance to lyatris diseases is poorly defined; there are facts of leaf disease transmitted from a number of growing, infected plants.